The ancient tribes the Arab peninsula served as feared mercenaries in the empires of old. Only their constant infighting kept them from conquering the ancient world in their own right.
At the start of the past century geologists speculated that a quarter of the world’s oil was in the Arab peninsula; a decade later the oil companies were certain it was more than half. For the first time, the Arab tribes set aside their differences and established the pan Arabian council. The oil flowed and Pan Arabia became not only wealthy but a global political force that can rival the The Federation of Columbia or the The Comintern Union of Rhuthenia.
Each tribe was given an Emirate and a share of the oil wealth, but the tribes only united as a loose confederation. They were free to spend their wealth. The Emirate of Al Was invested in infrastructure and building its capital city to rival the great capitals of Constinopa. The emirate of Salafi maintained much of their ancient lifestyle, built a network of religious schools and did not account for much of the rest of their money.
Pan Arabia remains the linchpin in the world energy economy. It is controlled by increasingly disparate tribes — each run by men born into a medieval world.